I've compiled a list of helpful Git commands that I found useful as a beginner. These commands can come in handy while you're learning Git and trying to improve your workflow.
Few golden rules while you’re working with git.
Always pull from the remote repository before you push your files to the remote.
Use git status to see the status of your local repo after/before pull/push.
Generally, we work on the development branch rather than the master branch. TL/PM should merge the files from the development to the master branch after reviewing them. You can create a branch if you’re working on a new module from scratch.
You can draft (called stash) your changes in your local repo using git stash commands if you don’t want to push the changes now.
Configure git user in your system
Register your identity in your local system using the below commands
git config --global user.name "user_name" git config --global user.email "user_email"
If you have created a new directory and want to initiate git in the newly created directory, run below commands
cd /path/to/my/directory git init
Branching in Git
When you initiate git in a new directory using git init, automatically master branch will get created. Though if you want to create a new branch you can use git checkout -b to create a new branch and switch to the newly created branch.
Use the following commands to show a list of branches
git branch or git branch -a
If there is a branch with the name branch_name on the remote repo but not in your local repo. Use this command to update your local repo and switch to a new branch:
git fetch && checkout <branch_name>Git pull command
Run the below command to pull code differences from a branch name and merge them in your code
git pull origin <branch_name> Ex: git pull origin development
Git Add and commit
If you’ve modified some files in your local repository, you need to add them to git before pushing them to the remote repo. Add a file to git using
git add <file_name>
Add all modified files to git using
git add . Or git add -A
Commit files using
git commit -m "commit message"
Check the status using
Git push command
Run the below command to push your branch to the remote repository
git push origin <branch_name> Ex: git push origin development
Fixing git conflicts:
If you see there are pull/push/merge conflicts and want to revert to previous commits, use the command
git log to see log history and get the commit id from it and afterward reset it using
git reset <commit_id>
It will update your repo with the code to the version when commit_id was committed.
If you want to merge code from another branch to your branch, you can use the following commands
git checkout <base_branch> git merge <branch_to_merge>
Above command will merge the code from
Stashing/Drafting your changes
Use the following command to stash/draft your changes in the local repo.
Use the following command if you don’t want to keep stashed changes and you want to delete them:
git stash drop
If you’ve modified any local file, then added that file to gitignore, still you’ll see that file will be present in the index (when running the command:
git status). You can clear your screen using the below command
git update-index --assume-unchanged <file_name>
I’ll keep extending this list based on your suggestions and my experiences.